new technologies for a new era
Division of Nuclear Equipment (TEC-DNE)
The production, promotion, sale and service of the Santilli Thermal Neutron Source is based on a novel synthesis of the neutron from a hydrogen gas (international patent pending). It was believed that neutrons are synthesized from the hydrogen solely in the core of stars. Recent studies via Hadronic mathematics and physics have achieved for the first time the laboratory synthesis of the neutron from a hydrogen gas. This equipment produces thermal neutrons at moderate cost that is important for national security as well as for scientific and industrial applications.
Division of Combustion Equipment (TEC-DCE)
The production, promotion, sale and service of the novel HyperFurnace which achieves the full combustion of fossil fuels as well as an enhanced energy output (patented and international patents pending). Combustion has essentially remained the same for thousands of years. New technologies today can achieve a combustion of fossil fuels without the exhaust of combustible contaminants. In addition to alleviating environmental problems, Santilli combustion increases the energy output of fossil fuel combustion.
Division of Optical Equipment (TEC-DOE)
The production, promotion, sale and service of pairs of Galileo telescopes with convex lenses to detect matter-galaxies & Santilli telescopes with concave lenses to detect antimatter-galaxies (international patent pending). The universe was believed to be comprised galaxies solely made up of matter. Research has shown that this was due to the inspection of the night sky with Galileo telescope with convex lenses, since the inspection of the night sky with Santilli revolutionary telescope with concave lenses has identified for the first time antimatter galaxies.
Dr. Ruggero Maria Santilli
CEO and Chief Scientist
Thunder Energies Corporation
Dr. Ruggero Santilli was born and educated in Italy where he achieved his Ph.D., the highest possible education in mathematics and physics, as well as a chair in nuclear physics at the Avogadro Institute in Turin. In 1967 Dr. Santilli was invited by the University of Miami in Florida to conduct research for NASA and he moved with his family to the U.S.A. where he subsequently became a U.S. citizen. In 1968 he joined the faculty of Boston University, under partial support from the U.S. Air Force, where he taught physics and mathematics from prep courses to seminar post-Ph.D. courses. From 1974 to 1977 he was a visiting scientist at MIT and from 1978 to 1983 he was a member of the Department of Mathematics of Harvard University under support by the U. S. Department of Energy to study a generalization of quantum mechanics and chemistry needed for new clean energies and fuels. Since 1984 Dr. Santilli is the President of and Dressor of Physics at the Institute for Basic Research, originally located in a Victorian iHouse located within the compound of Harvard University and moved to Florida in 1990. Dr. Santilli is the author of some 250 technical articles and 18 post Ph.D. level monographs in mathematics, physics, cosmology, superconductivity, chemistry and biology published the world over. He is the founding editor of three journals in mathematics and physics and editor of several others. Dr. Santilli is known in mathematics for the discovery of a series of new numbers, now called "Santilli iso-, geno-, hyper- and isodual-numbers" and other discoveries; he is known in physics as the originator of "hadronic mechanics", the only known consistent broadening of quantum mechanics predicting new clean energies; and he is known in chemistry as the originator of "hadronic chemistry", a broadening of quantum chemistry developed for the study of new clean fuels. Dr. Santilli is the recipient of numerous prestigious prizes (which can be seen in the web site http://www.santilli-foundation.org/santilli-nobel-nominations.html ) for being among the most illustrious applied mathematicians of all times; he received two gold medals for scientific merits; and the listing as "Santilli Hall" of a class-room at an Australian research center. Since the 80s, Dr. Santilli has been recommended by scholars around the world to the nominations for the Nobel Prize in physics as well as in chemistry. In addition to his intense scientific activity, including the yearly organization of various meetings in new mathematics, physics and chemistry. From 2007 to 2013, Dr. Santilli has been the Head Scientist of Magnegas Corporation (a U. S. company with stock traded at NASDAQ under the symbol MNGA) that has developed a new gaseous fuels with complete combustion internationally sold under the name of "magnegas." Currently, Dr. Santilli is the Chairman of the Board and Head Scientist o the new publicly traded company, Thunder Energies Corporation, which is developing the cleanest possible and most efficient possible combustion of fossil or synthetic fuels. For details, please visit Dr. Santilli's CV
Timothy Scott Wainwright
President & COO
Thunder Energies Corporation
Timothy Scott Wainwright acquired his early business experience in adverting and marketing, then he became an entrepreneur in real estate where he strengthened his skills in managing complex projects, supervising personnel and working with customers from various backgrounds. As president of the Magnegas Corporation (MNGA) from 2010 to 2013 he was able to move the company through the various stages of a start-up: dealing with regulatory agencies, expanding the client base, building an effective sales force, working with investors in USA and abroad, and being part of the team that up-listed the company to the NASDAQ market. His skills in sales and his ability to adapt to the need of the companies he works for, making him a valuable professional that can assume different roles, while being a reliable team member, an enthusiastic communicator, and a tireless organizer.
Robert William Devries
Vice President of Production
Thunder Energies Corporation
Robert Devries began his career with an apprenticeship as a machine tool fitter with Kingsbury Machine Tool, where he learned all aspects of machine building including welding, machine shop, pipe fitting, assembly and electrical. Robert then went on to an Italian company called Pavesi International as a Service Engineer. Shortly thereafter Robert moved to Italy to learn their equipment which was automated for the production of electric motors and alternators and was in charge of all service and installations for the North American market. Robert did training and installations of multi-million dollar alternator systems for Ford, General Motors and Prestolite as well as many smaller systems for alternator rebuilding companies. Robert also provided installations of motor winding equipment at Baldor Westinghouse and Emerson Electric to name a few. He has traveled to China and Korea to assist in start up of equipment when parent company need skilled English speaking Engineers. Robert continued working in the same field servicing, supplying and manufacturing spare parts for the existing customer base with a new start up company. This led to the design and manufacturing of equipment for various different industries.
Eng. Simone Beghella Bartoli
Vice President of Engineering
Thunder Energies Corporation
Simone Beghella Bartoli is a Space Engineer having graduated from Politecnico di Milano, Italy. During his degree, he has developed strong competences in engineering space-related topics, and a particular interest for flight dynamics and mission analysis, participating during his studies as a mission analysis engineer to a project for phase-A feasibility study of a mission to Neptune-Triton system, whose results were also presented at European Space Agency Concurrent Design Facility in the Netherlands. As part of his master thesis, he had the opportunity to cooperate with University of Strathclyde in Glasgow to trajectory optimization studies for ESMO mission. Simone's background has provided him with a good basis for mission analysis software development and analysis, together with the ability to write scientific papers, technical documentation and reports. With this background he was able to conduct research, apparently for the first time, about the possible trajectories of antimatter asteroids in our Solar System, basing on the Isodual Theory of Antimatter, which implies among the other things gravitational repulsion between matter and antimatter
Chief Financial Officer
Thunder Energies Corporation
BOARD OF SCIENTIFIC ADVISORS
Dr. Ascar Aringazin
Eurasian National University, Astana, Kazakhstan
and Scientific Advisor, Thunder Energies Corporation
Dr. Anil A. Bhalekar
R. T. M. Nagpur University, Nagpur, India
and Scientific Advisor, Thunder Energies Corporation
Anil A. Bhalekar retired in January 2006 as a Professor of Physical Chemistry from the Department of Chemistry, R. T. M. Nagpur University, Nagpur, India after putting on 28 years of active and distinguished service. Before this Dr. Bhalekar served University of Udaipur, Udaipur, India as Assistant Professor at its Department of Chemistry during 1970-76. Dr. Bhalekar is a Member of Scientific Advisory Board and a Honorary Fellow Associate of Institute for Theoretical Physics and Advanced Mathematics (IFM) Einstein-Galilein, Prato, Italy. He is the Vice President of Indian Thermodynamics Society. He had been a Council Member (2005-2008) of Chemical Research Society of India. Dr. Bhalekar is a Life Member of (i) Indian Thermodynamics Society, (ii) Chemical Research Society of India and (iii) Indian Chemical Society. Dr. Bhalekar was honored with an award of Emeritus Scientist, CSIR and its three years tenure (January 2008 - December 2010) he spent at the Department of Chemistry, R. T. M. Nagpur University, Nagpur, India. Dr. Bhalekar had been Visiting Professor at the Department of Physics of Metropolitan Autonomous University of Mexico (1994-1996) and in November 2006 at the Department of Physics of Universities of Copenhagen (Denmark) and Barcelona (Spain). Dr. Bhalekar has been an invited speaker at the Seminar Course on Hadronic Mechanics, KOS, Greece in September 2012 and at the 3rd International Conference on Lie Admissible Treatment of Irreversibility held at the Kathmandu University in January 2011. He has been invited to deliver talks at the Workshops on Iso-, geno-, hyper- and their isodual mathematics scheduled to be held at Rhodes, Greece as part of ICNAAM 2013 during 21-26 September 2013. Dr. Bhalekar did Post-Doctoral research on Micellar Catalysis at the University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands during 1976-77. Dr. Bhalekar was awarded Ph.D. degree (Chemistry) in 1973 by the University of Udaipur, Udaipur, India and title of the thesis was Study of Kinetics and Mechanism of Oxidation of Aldehydes and Some Ketonic Compounds (Acetophenones) by Chromium (VI). He obtained M.Sc. degree in Chemistry in 1968 from the same University with an award of the Gold Medal for standing first in Order of Merit. He has published about 50 research papers and edited one monograph on Contemporary Nonequilibrium Thermodynamic Research. His research interests are Hadronic Chemistry, Hadronic Thermodynamics, Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics, Micellar Catalysis and Kinetics and Mechanism of Oxidation reactions.
Richard Lawrence Norman
Thunder Energies Corporation
Richard Lawrence Norman is a scientist and researcher affiliated with the School of Advanced International Studies on Applied Theoretical and Non Linear Methodologies of Physics, Bari, Italy. His scientific interest are diversified and deep, as reflected in his many publications. He is the author of books and scientific papers spanning neuroscience, physics, philosophy, informational pharmacology, multi-fractal bio-systems analysis and psychology. His papers and articles number well over two-hundred, and are featured in journals including Quantum Matter, the Hadronic Journal, and the World Journal of Neuroscience. He is the proponent of the new psychoanalytic technique, Native Psychoanalysis. His latest book Beyond the Veil (written with the physics professor Jeremy Dunning-Davies) covers topics including cosmology, quantum paradox, relativity, information theory, thermodynamics, climate change, the neuroscience of social change, disease pathogenesis and field processes within biology.
Dr. Yun Yang
Executive Vice President for Research
Thunder Energies Corporation
Yun Yang is one of the world's leading experts in Plasma Technology and has been working with Dr. Santilli since 2012. He was a Senior Research Engineer at Atlantic Hydrogen, Inc., which develops ways to reduce greenhouse gas emissions connected to natural gas production, from 2005 until 2012. From 2002 until 2004, Dr. Yang was a Post Doctoral and Research Associate at Wolfson School of Mechanical and Manufacture Engineering at Loughborough University, UK. From 1993 to 1998, Dr. Yang was a Research Fellow at the Institute of Mechanics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Dr. Yang holds a Ph.D in experimental Plasma Physics from Ernst-Moritz-Arndt University, Germany, a Master of Mathematics and Mechanics in Engineering from Beijing Science & Technology University, and a Bachelor of Science in Physics from Yunnan University, China. Dr. Yang is the scientist who authored fundamental experimental papers in Santilli's nuclear synthesess without radiations, in the new chemical special of magnecules and other basic advances.
Dr. Leong Ying
Thunder Energies Corporation
Leong Ying is a child of the world: born in Singapore, educated in England, and now a dual citizen of the United States of America. He received his Doctorate in Philosophy (Ph.D.) in Nuclear Physics and Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) in Physics from the University of Liverpool. Dr. Ying is an avid marathoner who has ran across all seven continents, including Antarctica. A nuclear physicist by academic qualification, patented inventor, and a skilled engineer in the fields of cryogenics, superconductivity, and radiation technologies. And on the flip side of his personality he is also an award-winning author, stage director, and poet.
MATHEMATICAL, PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL SCIENCES
UNDERLYING SANTILLI'S INTERMEDIATE NUCLEAR
SYNTHESES, WITHOUT RADIATIONS
Full scientific presentation available in the monograph
I. Gandzha and J Kadeisvili,
New Sciences for a New Era:
Mathematical, Physical and Chemical Discoveries of
Ruggero Maria Santilli, Sankata Printing Press, Nepal (2011),
A view of Prof. Ruggero Maria Santilli at age 72 taken in April 2007 by the Club Med in Martinique
Quotation from pages 12-13 the preface of
Quantum Theory and the Schism in Physics,
by Karl Popper, W.W. Bartley (1982)
By using a language accessible to the general scientific audience, this website is dedicated to an outline of the discoveries by the Italian-American scientist Ruggero Maria Santilli ("Santilli" hereon) in mathematics, physics and chemistry with particular reference to their primary intended scope in Santilli's words The conception, quantitative treatment, test and industrial realization of new, clean energies and fuels so much needed by mankind that are inconceivable with the mathematics, physics and chemistry of the 20th century.
During the outline, we shall also make available all original technical literature in free pdf downloads (since it is at times of difficult location, having been published in refereed Journals the world over). Readers with a vast knowledge of pre-existing mathematics, physics and chemistry, but no knowledge of Santilli's new disciplines, are suggested to provide primary attention to the overall view of the scientific edifice and are discouraged to pass vacuous judgments on individual papers since, as it is the case for individual pieces of a puzzle, they cannot possibly indicate the entire vista.
A general review of Santilli's studies up to 2011 is available in the monograph
I. Gandzha and J Kadeisvili, New Sciences for a New Era: Mathematical, Physical and Chemical Discoveries of Ruggero Maria Santilli, Sankata Printing Press, Nepal (2011),
with upgrades available in the archives of the R. M. Santilli Foundation
Following written authorization from the copyright owners, this website is an adaptation and expansion of the above sources specialized for nuclear syntheses without radiations.
The Board of Directors of Thunder Fusion Corporation hereby authorized the free use and download of all pictures, references and text of this website under the strict condition of quoting the origination IN chronological orders with other quotations.
TABLE OF CONTENT
1.1. THE LEGACY OF LAGRANGE AND HAMILTON.
1.2. INSUFFICIENCIES OF SPECIAL RELATIVITY
1.3. INSUFFICIENCIES OF GENERAL RELATIVITY
1.4. INSUFFICIENCIES OF EINSTEIN'S THEORIES FOR ANTIMATTER
1.5. INSUFFICIENCIES OF QUANTUM MECHANICS
1.6. INSUFFICIENCIES OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS
1.7. INSUFFICIENCIES OF PARTICLE PHYSICS
1.8. INSUFFICIENCIES OF QUARKS AND NEUTRINOS CONJECTURES
1.9. INSUFFICIENCIES OF QUANTUM CHEMISTRY
1.10. INSUFFICIENCIES OF BIOLOGY
1.11. INSUFFICIENCIES OF ASTROPHYSICS AND COSMOLOGY
1.12. INTRODUCTORY READINGS
2.2. DISCOVERY OF NEW NUMBERS
2.2A. Discovery of isonumbers (1983)
2.2B. Discovery of genonumbers (1993)
2.2C. Discovery of hypernumbers (1994)
2.2D. Discovery of isodual numbers (1993)
2.3. DISCOVERY OF ISO-, GENO-, HYPER-DIFFERENTIAL CALCULI, FUNCTIONAL ANALYSIS AND THEIR ISODUALS (1996)
2.4. DISCOVERY OF ISO-, GENO-, HYPER-, SPACES AND THEIR ISODUALS (1983).
2.5. DISCOVERY OF ISO-, GENO-, HYPER-SYMPLECTIC GEOMETRIES AND THEIR ISODUALS (1996)
2.6. UNIFICATION OF MINKOWSKIAN AND RIEMANNIAN GEOMETRIES (1998)
2.7. ISOTOPIC COVERING OF LIE'S THEORY AND ITS ISODUAL (1978)
2.8. LIE-ADMISSIBLE COVERING OF THE LIE-ISOTOPIC THEORY AND ITS ISODUAL (1967)
2.9. INTEGRABILITY CONDITIONS FOR THE EXISTENCE OF A LAGRANGIAN
2.9A. Integrability conditions in Newtonian mechanics (1978).
2.9B. Integrability conditions in field theory (1975)
3.2. ETHER AS A UNIVERSAL SUBSTRATUM (1952-1955)
3.3. ORIGIN OF THE ELECTRIC AND MAGNETIC FIELDS (1955-1957)
3.4. ORIGIN OF THE GRAVITATIONAL FIELD (1974)
3.5. SYMMETRY OF THE ETHER (1970)
3.6. QFT (AND QCD) LIMITS FROM DISCRETE SYMMETRY VIOLATIONS (1974)
3.7. RESOLUTION OF THE HISTORICAL IMBALANCE ON ANTIMATTER (1994)
3.7B. Newton-Santilli isodual equation for antimatter
3.7C. Isodual representation of the Coulomb force
3.7D. Hamilton-Santilli isodual mechanics
3.7E. Isodual special and general relativities
3.7F. Prediction of antigravity
3.7G. Test of antigravity
3.7H. Isodual quantum mechanics
3.7I. Experimental detection of antimatter galaxies
3.7J. The new isoselfdual invariance of Dirac's equation
3.7K. Dunning-Davies thermodynamics for antimatter
3.7L. Isoselfdual spacetime machine
3.7M. Original literature
3.8. INITIATION OF q-DEFORMATIONS OF LIE THEORY
3.9. THEOREMS OF CATASTROPHIC INCONSISTENCIES OF
NONCANONICAL AND NONUNITARY THEORIES
3.9A. The majestic consistency of Hamiltonian theories.
3.9B. Theorems of catastrophic inconsistencies of noncanonical and nonunitary theories.
3.9C. Examples of catastrophically inconsistent theories.
3.10. SANTILLI RELATIVITIES (1978)
3.10A. Historical notes
3.10B. Santilli's opening statement
3.10C. Conceptual foundations
3.10D. Mathematical foundations
3.10E. Invariance and universality of Santilli's isotopies.
3.10F. Lorentz-Poincare'-Santilli isosymmetry and its isodual
3.10G. Santilli's isorelativity and its isodual
3.10H. Santilli's isogravitation and its isodual
3.10I. Santilli's geno- and hyper-relativities and their isoduals
3.10J. Isotopic reconstruction of exact spacetime symmetries when conventionally broken
3.10K. Experimental verifications
3.10L. Original literature
3.11. HADRONIC MECHANICS (1967)
3.11B. Historical notes
3.11C. Interior and exterior dynamical systems
3.11D. Closed and open dynamical systems
3.11E. Newton-Santilli isoequations
3.11F. Hamilton-Santilli isomechanics
3.11G. Animalu-Santilli isoquantization
3.11H. Hilbert-Santilli isospaces
3.11I. Schroedinger-Santilli isoequations
3.11J. Heisenberg-Santilli isoequations
3.11K. Elimination of quantum divergencies
3.11L. Genotopic and hyperstructural branches of hadronic mechanics
3.11M. Isodual branches of hadronic mechanics
3.11N. Two-body hadronic system
3.11O. Simple construction of hadronic mechanics
3.11P. Invariance of hadronic mechanics
3.11Q. Relativistic hadronic mechanics
3.11R. Direct universality and uniqueness of hadronic mechanics
3.11S. EPR completion of quantum mechanics, hidden variables and all that
3.11T. Operator isogravity
4.1A. Lack of exact character of quantum mechanics for the hydrogen molecule (1978)
4.1B. Insufficiencies of the quantum chemical notion of valence (1978)
4.1C. Insufficiencies of screened Coulomb potentials (1978))
4.1D. Classification of hadronic chemistry (2000)
4.1E. Basic literature
4.2. HADRONIC CHEMISTRY
4.2A. Animalu-Santilli Cooper pair (1995)
4.2B. Santilli-Shillady strong valence bond (1999)
4.2C.The isoelectronium (1999)
4.2D. The hydrogen molecule (1999)
4.2E. The water molecule (2000)
4.3. THE NEW CHEMICAL SPECIES OF SANTILLI MAGNECULES
4.3A. Historical notes
4.3B. Conception of Santilli magnecules (1998)
4.3C. Detection of Santilli magnecules (1998)
4.3D. Magnecular structure of H3 and O3 (1998)
4.3E. Magnecular structure of liquids and solids (1998)
4.4 INDUSTRIAL REALIZATION OF FUELS WITH MAGNECULAR STRUCTURE
4.4A. Catastrophic forecasts facing mankind
4.4B. Santilli hadronic reactors (1998)
4.4C. Industrial realization of MagneGas fuel (1998)
4.4D. Industrial realization of the HHO fuel (2006)
4.4E. Industrial realization of MagneHydrogen fuel (2003)
4.4F. Molecular and magnecular combustions (1998).
4.5. SANTILLI DISCOVERY IN BIOLOGY
4.5A. Historical notes
4.5B. Deformability, irreversibility, and multi-valuedness of biological structures.
4.5C. Representation of biological structures via Santilli's deformable, irreversible and multi-valued hypermathematics
4.5D. Hypermolecules, hypermagnecules and hyperliquids
4.5E. Deciphering the DNA code?
4.5F. Understanding the DNA structure?
4.5G. A future new cure for cancer?
4.5H. Cloonan's advances in Santilli Magnecules
5.1A. The unreassuring conditions of 20th century particle physics
5.1B. Mutation of particles in interior conditions
5.1C. Mutation of spacetime caused by physical media
5.2. EXPERIMENTAL VERIFICATIONS IN PARTICLE PHYSICS
5.2A. Experimental verification of the mutation of magnetic moments.
5.2B. Experimental verification with the meanlives of unstable hadrons
5.2C. Experimental verifications with arbitrary local causal speeds
5.2D. Experimental verification via the Bose-Einstein correlation
5.2E. Characterization of hadronic media
5.3. EXPERIMENTAL VERIFICATIONS IN NUCLEAR PHYSICS.
5.3A. The unreassuring condition of 20th century nuclear physics.
5.3B. Experimentyal verification with nuclear magnetic moments.
5.3C. Experimental verifications with the nuclear force
5.4. EXPERIMENTAL VERIFICATIONS IN CHEMISTRY AND SUPERCONDUCTIVITY
5.4A. Experimental verifications in chemistry
5.4B. The unreassuring condition of 20th century superconductivity
5.4C. Animalu's isosuperconductivity
5.4D. Experimental verification of Animalu's isosuperconductivity
5.4E. Initial basic laws of hadronic mechanics
5.5. EXPERIMENTAL VERIFICATION WITH THE BEHAVIOR OF LIGHT
5.5A. The inevitability of the ether as a universal medium
5.5B. Experimental verification with light propagating in water.
5.5C. Santilli isoredshift
5.5D. Experimental confirmation of Santilli isoredshift
5.5E. Experimental verification with the colors our atmosphere
5.6. EXPERIMENTAL VERIFICATIONS IN ASTROPHYSICS
5.6A. The unreassuring condition of 20th century astrophysics and cosmology.
5.6B. Absence of universe expansion
5.6C. Absence of "dark matter"
5.6D. Absence of "dark energy"
5.6E. Experimental verification with quasar redshifts
5.7. EXPERIMENTAL VERIFICATION WITH ANTIMATTER AND COSMOLOGY
5.7A. The unreassuring condition of 20th century antimatter
5.7B. Experimental verification of Santilli's isodual theory of antimatter
5,7C. Santilli's iso-, geno-, and hyper-cosmologies.
5. Appendix 5.7A: Newton-Santilli universal gravitation
6.1B. Santilli's recollections on the birth of hadronic mechanics
6.1C. New structure model of unstable hadrons and leptons
6.1D. Inapplicability of quantum mechanics to the structure of hadrons
6.1E. The dichotomy: classification vs structure of hadrons and leptons.
6.2. REDUCTION OF MESONS AND LEPTONS TO ELECTRONS AND POSITRONS
6.2A. Conception of the πo structure
6.2B. Structure equation of the πo
6.2C. Solution of the πo structure equation.
6.2D. Structure model of unstable leptons and of the remaining mesons.
6.2E. Revisions due to the isodual theory of antimatter
6.2F. Compatibility of the new structure model of hadrons with unitary classifications
6.2G. Experimental verifications
6.3. REDUCTION OF BARYONS TO PROTONS AND ELECTRONS
6.3A. Conception of the neutron structure
6.3B. Nonrelativistic exact representation of the neutron rest energy, mean life and charge radius
6.3C. Nonrelativistic, exact and invariant representation of the neutron spin.
6.3D. Nonrelativistic, exact and invariant representation of the neutron magnetic moment
6.3E. Foudations of the relativistic treatment
6.3F. Relativistic, exact and invariant representation of the neutron rest energy, meanlife and charge radius
6.3G. Relativistic, exact and invariant representation of the neutron spin.
6.3H. Relativistic, exact representation of the anomalous magnetic moment of the neutron.
6.3I. Santilli's etherino vs Fermi's neutrino.
6.3J. Structure model of the remaining baryons with physical constituents
6.3K. Compatibility of baryon syntheses with the SU(3) classification.
6.4. LABORATORY SYNTHESIS OF NEUTRONS FROM A HYDROGEN GAS
6.4B. Don Borghi experiment on the synthesis of neutrons from an hydrogen gas
6.4C. Santilli experiment on the synthesis of neutrons from a hydrogen gas
6.4D. The Don Borghi-Santilli neutroids
6.4E. Interpretation of Don Borghi and Santilli experiments
6.4F. Santilli's prediction of a new class of nucleides.
6.4G. Requirements for the re-run of Santilli's experiments
6.5. REDUCTION OF NUCLEI TO PROTONS AND ELECTRONS.
6.5B. Santilli's contributions in nuclear physics.<
6.5C. Review of basic nuclear contributions.
6.5D. Review of Lie-isotopic nuclear contributions.
6.5E. Review of Lie-admissible nuclear contributions.
6.5F. Reduction of the deuterium to two protons and one electron.
6.5Fb. Insufficiencies of quantum mechanics for the deuterium structure.
6/5Fc. Conception of the deuteron structure.
6.5Fd. Representation of the stability of the deuterium.
6.5Fe. representation of the deuterium size.
6.5Ff. Representation of the deuterium charge.
6.5Fg. Representation of the deuterium Spin.
6.5Fh. Representation of the deuterium magnetic moment.
6.5Fi. Representation of the deuterium force.
6.5j. Representation of the deuterium total energy.
6.5Fk. Representation of the deuterium, electric dipole moment and parity.
6.6. REDUCTION OF MATTER TO PROTONS AND ELECTRONS.
6.7. REDUCTION OF NEUTRON STARS TO PROTONS AND ELECTRONS.
7.2. NEW HADRONIC ENERGIES OF ATOMIC TYPE
7.2A. Limitations of 20th century doctrines for energy releasing processes
7.2B. Conventional molecular combustion
7.2C. Santilli's magnecular combustion
7.3. NEW HADRONIC ENERGIES OF NUCLEAR TYPE
7.3B. Insufficiencies of "cold" and "hot" fusions
7.3C. Santilli's main idea for new controlled fusions
7.3D. Insufficiencies of quantum mechanics, quantum chemistry and special relativity for controlled fusions
7.3E. Insufficiencies of quark and neutrino conjectures for controlled nuclear fusions
7.3F. Basic assumptions of intermediate controlled nuclear fusions
7.3G. Physical laws of controlled nuclear fusions
7.3H. The role of Santilli magnecules for controlled nuclear fusions
7.3I. Engineering conception and realization of hadronic refineries
7.3J. The physics of intermediate controlled nuclear fusions
7.3K. Engineering conception of hadronic reactors
7.3L. Experimental verification of nitrogen synthesis without harmful radiations or waste
7.3M. Independent verification of Santilli's nitrogen synthesis without harmful radiation or waste
7.4. NEW HADRONIC ENERGIES OF PARTICLE TYPE.
7.4B. The stimulated decay of the neutron
< 7.4C. Neutron stimulated decay via photons with resonating frequency
7.4D. Hadronic energy of particle type
7.4E. Hadronic Energies via double beta decays
7.4F. Tsagas experiment on the Stimulated Neutron Decay
7.4G. Recycling of radioactive nuclear waste via their stimulated decay
OUTLINE OF SANTILLI'S
INTERMEDIATE CONTROLLED NUCLEAR SYNTHESESS
WITHOUT THE EMISSION OF HARMFUL RADIATIONS
AND WITHOUT THE RELEASE OF RADIOACTIVE WASTE.
The Voice of Thunder Energies
A view of the first ICNF Hadronic Reactor used by Prof. Santilli to establish the existence of ICNF as presented in paper .
A view of the independent confirmation of Prof. Santilli's ICNF conducted by by Dr. Leong Ying and his associates from Princeton, NJ as per paper  below.
A view of one of the systematic certification of lack of any radiation produced by Santilli's ICNF. In reality such a confirmation is inessential because, as an example, the ICNF of paper  deals with the synthesis of deuterium and carbon into nitrogen. In this case, either the synthesis occur or it does not occur, thus without any radiation in each case. Additionally, the used electric power is millions of time short of the energy needed to smash the deuterium and/or carbon nuclei. Consequently, no harmful radiation is remotely possible in Santilli's ICNF.
<A view of the second automatic ICNF Hadronic Reactor constructed by Prof. Santilli for the confirmation presented in paper .
A view of the steam produced by the second Hadronic Reactor.
A few views of Hadronic Reactor III built by Santilli in 2012, including from top left: a general view of the container housing the reactor; the interior 1,000~psi reactor; the touch screen for the automatic control and recording of all data; and the steam produced by using air and carbon as hadronic fuel. A DVD on the operation of the reaction is provided by Lecture VC of the World lecture Series from the link Reactor III has reproduced, apparently for the first time,. the thunder in laboratory from which the name of the company "Thunder Energies Corporation." The Voice of Intermediate Synthesess Without Radiations
A view of Hadronic Reactors IV used for the measurements presented in paper  below. Its dimensions are the same as those of Hadronic Reactor I. The main differences are given by the availability of automatic controls of the arc, automatic monitoring, recording and printing of all data, and a transparent Pirex tube used for the tests reported this paper to verify visually the internal operations and sensors. Particularly important is a visual verification of the existence of a stable arc because, in its absence, the reactor can show power absorption while the electrodes are in a short, in which case no ICNF can evidently occur.
Views of the Hadronic Reactor V used in the tests reported in paper . The top view shows the reactor in fully assembled conditions, with radiation detector Sam 035 in the top left, and the 907 Pamrad and PM1703GN neutron detectors in the lower left. The central view shows the reactor in open conditions as used for the replacement of the electrodes. The lower view shows the periscope with a transparent Pirex window used to confirm the existence of the arc during tests.
An Introduction to the novel Intermediate Controlled Nuclear Synthesess without harmful radiations
Ruggero Maria Santilli
see lecture ICNF in the series
Verification of Santilli's Intermediate Nuclear Synthesess
without Harmful Radiation and with
the Production of Magnecular Clusters,"
Lecture VE of World Lecture series
See also various otehr experimentral lectures of the
SCIENTIFIC PAPERS PUBLISHED UNDER REFEREES
 Experimental Confirmation of Nitrogen Synthesis from deuterium and Carbon without harmful radiations
R. M. Santilli
New Advances in Physics Vol. 4, page 29, 2011
 Verification of Santilli intermediate Controlled Nuclear Synthesess
without harmful radiations a and the production of magnecular clusters
Robert Brenna, Theodore Kuliczkowski, Leong Ying
New Advances in Physics, Vol. 5, page 9 (2011)
 Additional Confirmation of the "Intermediate Controlled Nuclear Synthesess"
without harmful radiation or waste
R. M. Santilli
Proceedings of the Third International Conference on the Lie-Admissible
Treatment of Irreversible Processes, X. Corda, Editor,
Kathmandu University (2011) pages 163-177
 Confirmations of Santilli Intermediate Nuclear Synthesess of Deuteron and Carbon into Nitrogen without Radiations."
J. V. Kadeisvili, C. Lynch and Y. Yang
Preprint, July 9, 2013, to be published.
Third International Conference on the Lie-admissible treatment of irreversible processes
Kathmandu University, Ne[pal, January 4 to 8, 2011
You can see the proceedings from the link
San Marino Workshop on Astrophysics and Cosmology for Matter and Antimatter
September 5 to 9, 2011
Independent confimation of Santilli IsoRedShift and IsoBlueShift
2012 Seminar Course on Hadronic Mathematics, Mechanics, and Chemistry
International Meetings ICNAAM, Kops, Greece, September 19-25, 2012
Santilli's New Mathematics for 211st Century Sciences
April 6, 2013, Chaturvedi, College of Engineering
Harpur Nagar, Near Bada Tajbagh, India
2013 International Workshop on Santilli Isomathematics,
Session 14 of the international meeting
International Workshop on Hadronic Chemistry, Mathematics and Physics
Rashtrasant Tukadoji Maharaj Nagpur University
Department of Chemistry
October 21 to 26, 2013, India
Tarpon Springs, Florida, February 25, 2010
SANTILLI INTERMEDIATE CONTROLLED NUCLEAR SYNTHESES
Trustee, The R. M. Santilli Foundation
This report deals with a application of hadronic mechanics for the achievement of truly new and clean energies known as the Intermediate Controlled Nuclear Synthesess. The ongoing research is based on the laboratory synthesis of the neutron as occurring in stars from a proton and an electron, which synthesis has already been achieved in a preliminary form. The research then deals with the synthesis of the nitrogen from carbon and deuterium via the intermediate synthesis of the neutron because the nitrogen synthesis is: very esoenergetic; the easiest among all possible nuclear syntheses; and the cleanest possible because, under threshold energies, it does not release harmful radiation and does not leave radioactive waste. A verifiable energy output of five times the used electric energy has been achieved to date thanks to significant corporate investments. A major effort is under way in the U.S.A. and abroad to understand the mechanisms of the nitrogen synthesis and enhance it to the level of a new electric power source.
The research has been pioneered by the Italian American physicist Dr. Ruggero Maria Santilli, a former scientist at Harvard University under DOE support (see his CV at http://www.i-b-r.org/Ruggero-Maria-Santilli.htm , a summary of his unprecedented mathematical physical and chemical discoveries in http://www.santilli-foundation.org/santilli-scientific-discoveries.html , and the Nobel Nominations in http://www.santilli-foundation.org/santilli-nobel-nominations.html).
INSUFFICIENCIES OF 20TH CENTURY THEORIES
All energies that could be conceived and treated via Einsteinian and quantum theories were fully identified some 50 years ago and they turned out to be all environmentally unacceptable. It is now a growing consensus in the field that any further search for industrially meaningful results in new clean energies based on old theories, is sterile.
The insufficiencies of these theories in regard to energy releasing processes are also well known by ethically sound experts to qualify as such. In essence, Einsteinian and quantum theories were conceived to represent events invariant under time reversal, such as the orbits of electrons in atomic structures, particles in particle accelerators, etc. for which conditions said theories are evidently valid.
However, all energies releasing processes are irreversible over time, that is, their time reversal image violates causality laws. Therefore, it is impossible for time reversal theories, such as Einsteinian and quantum theories, to be exactly valid for irreversible systems, such as all energy releasing processes. In particular, if applied , said theories imply a finite probability for the existence of time reversal images, e.g., following the combustion of carbon said theories predict that smoke and ashes reconstruct the original fuel.
Since a decreasing number of physicists in high ranking positions continue to abuse the prestige of their institutions by proffering Einsteinian and quantum theories as being exactly valid for whatever conditions exist in the universe up to the end of time, the serious appraisal of this report requires a knowledge of the insufficiencies of said theories beyond the conditions of their original conception and verification.
A presentation along the latter lines accessible to the educated general audience is available in our Foundation webpage http://www.santilli-foundation.org/santilli-scientific-discoveries-1.html or in the Forum on Old Theories of the Institute for Basic Research http://www.i-b-r.org/forum-old-theories.htm A technical presentation of said insufficiencies is available in the monograph
HADRONIC MATHEMATICS, MECHANICS AND CHEMISTRY
Volume I: Limitations of Einstein's Special and General Relativities,
Quantum Mechanics and Quantum Chemistry
Ruggero Maria Santilli
International Academic Press (2008)
Available in free pdf download from
To put it in a nutshell, Einstein special relativity, quantum mechanics and quantum chemistry are magnificent theories, but now they belong to the past century. The future is for new theories specifically conceived for new scientific vistas.
THE COVERING HADRONIC MECHANICS.
The need for new theories was fully identified by the second part of the 20th century. In fact, when at Harvard University in the late 1970s and early 1980s, Santilli received five grants from the Department of Energy, then under the vision of the Carter Administration, to initiate all necessary research that would lead, in due time, to basically new energies, that is, energies not predicted by conventional theories. All events reported herein originated from these grants for which the Carter Administration and the U. S. Department of Energy deserve full praises.
In this way, Santilli proposed in 1978 the construction of the covering of quantum mechanics under the name of hadronic mechanics. His call was answered by hundreds of mathematicians, theoreticians and experimentalists the world over. Such a collegial effort has produced during the past 30 years over 20,000 pages of research published in the best scientific journals the world over. A 40 pages long bibliography of these contributions up to 2005 is available as free download from the website
A review of these efforts in a language accessible to the general educated public is currently under way by the Trustees of the Santilli Foundation http://www.santilli-foundation.org/ and can be inspected in the website
A comprehensive technical review of these studies dated 2008 is available in the five monographs
HADRONIC MATHEMATICS, MECHANICS AND CHEMISTRY (HMMC) Volumes I, II, III, IV, V
Ruggero Maria Santilli
available as free downloads from the website
AVAILABLE NOVEL INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS
Following the achievement of maturity (see HMMC Volumes I to III) and experimental verifications (see HMMC Volumes IV and V), hadronic mechanics has already produced novel industrial applications and various additional ones are under way, some in strict secrecy by the industry as well as, apparently, by the military apparently in the USA, Russia, China, and elsewhere.
To begin, hadronic mechanics has permitted the conception, theoretical treatment and industrial development of a new chemical species called Santilli magnecules whose bond is partially of magnetic origin, to distinguish them from the conventional "molecules" with sole conventional valence bonds.
In turn, these advances have permitted the development of a new class of fuels that admit, for the first time, a complete combustion because all magnetic effects disappear at the combustion temperature, thus having individual atoms ready for combustion without HC, CO and other toxic contaminants. These new fuels are presented in the book
THE NEW FUELS WITH MAGNECULAR STRUCTURE
Ruggero Maria Santilli
also available as free download from the website
Among the industrial applications of the new fuels, we should mention:
1) The industrial development of PlasmaArcFlow Refineries, technically known as Hadronic Reactors, permitting the recycling of various liquid wastes into a clean burning, cost competitive, combustible fuel known under the tradesman of magnegas, as presented in the website http://www.magnegas.com/ It should be noted that Santilli's Magnegas Technology is industrially available NOW for the achievement of fuel independence, since its basic feedstock, liquid waste, is available everywhere in unlimited quantities. The cost competitiveness of magnegas fuel with respect to fossil fuels, of course under sufficient funding, is beyond credible doubt because of the high cost of the latter feedstock (petroleum) compared to income generated by the feedstock of the former (liquid waste), thus rendering fuel independence an essentially political decision by governments sufficiently independent from petroleum interests. Magnegas Corporation has initiated very recently the public trading of its stock at par value under the symbol MNGA and is rapidly expanding the world over despite the ongoing global recession.
2) The industrial development of the HHO Gas produced by new electrolyzers converting distilled water into a magnecular form of hydrogen and oxygen to which Santilli gave the chemical name of HHO, as illustrated in the web site
3) Additional applications have been made in the new field of Betavoltaic Batteries, e.g. as described in the website http://peswiki.com/energy/PowerPedia:BetaVoltaic with particular reference to apparent, rather secret research in stimulating certain metals to produce electrons, thus providing a kind of "atomic battery," of course, in due time and under due funding.
We are told that various studies are under way via the use of hadronic mechanics. For instance, we are told (but we are not sure) that Russian chemists are using hadronic chemistry to maximize the power of military jet fuels. In fact, the English version of Santilli monograph
FOUNDATION OF HADRONIC CHEMISTRY WITH APPLICATION TO NEW CLEAN ENERGIES AND FUELS
R. M. Santilli,
Kluwer Academic Publishers (2001) Available from the website for scientific research only
has been translated in Russian and available as free download from
We are also told that the latter monograph has been translated in Chinese where Dr. Santilli is well known, and apparently used for advanced research yet to be initiated in the USA due to notorious oppositions by organized interests on Einsteinian theories, but we could not secure a copy of said translation.
THE MAIN OBJECTIVE OF SANTILLI'S NEW ENERGY RESEARCH
Following the achievement of new fuels, Dr. Santilli's primary research objective is now that of completing the ongoing research on basically new forms of clean energies predicted by hadronic mechanics (but impossible for Einstein special relativity and quantum mechanics) at the level of hadrons, nuclei and molecules. The new energy most promising is known under the name of Intermediate Controlled Nuclear Syntheses.
In essence, there is nowadays a rather large consensus that all efforts conducted during the past decades in the "cold" and "hot" fusions have not achieved industrial relevance (despite the investment of very large public funds) and will never do so for various often opposing reasons. Cold synthesis cannot achieve industrial maturity because it does not have sufficient energy for a systematic and controlled exposure of nuclei, as evident prerequisites for their synthesis, and various other reasons. Hot fusion occurs at excessive energies, thus causing uncontrollable instabilities, as well known. Dr. Santilli's new syntheses are:
1) Intermediate in the sense that they occur at threshold energies intermediate between those of the cold and hot fusions barely sufficient for the systematic exposure of nuclei and for other needs; 2) Controlled because controlled via the control of power, current, voltage, flow, temperature, pressure, trigger, and other engineering means; and 3) Clean because without secondary radiations and without harmful waste due to the proper selection of the synthesis as well as the lack of energy for secondary events.
THE FUNDAMENTAL SYNTHESIS IN NATURE: THE NEUTRON
Stars initiate their lives as pure hydrogen gas and first synthesize the neutrons from protons and electrons, then form the deuteron, then the helium and all other elements. Hence, the synthesis of the neutron is, by far, the most fundamental synthesis in nature. Any research or investment in nuclear synthesis, whether private or public, without first providing top priority to the synthesis of the neutron has proved in the past, and will prove again to be sterile beyond any possible or otherwise serious doubt.
The synthesis of the neutron is also the triumph of hadronic mechanics because it is known that Einsteinian and quantum theories are completely unable to represent said synthesis. This is technically due to the fact that all bound states verifying quantum theories must have a mass defect, that is, a negative binding energy, as it is the case for nuclei, atoms and molecules, for which systems the basic equations and laws of quantum theories are indeed verified.
However, the neutron is heavier than the sum of the masses of the proton and the electron, thus requiring a mass excess or a positive binding energy of 0.782 MeV, under which all Einsteinian and quantum equations and laws become inconsistent, as expected to be well known by serious ethically sound experts in the field.
After some 30 years of research, hadronic mechanics has indeed permitted the numerically exact and time invariant representation of ALL characteristics of the neutron in its synthesis from a proton and an electron. A general review of the vast efforts accessible to the educated readership is that by a Russian (Georgian) scientist
THE RUTHERFORD-SANTILLI NEUTRON,
J. V. Kadeisvili
Available in free pdf download from the website
or in html format at the website
LABORATORY SYNTHESIS OF THE NEUTRON
The first experiment on the synthesis of neutrons from protons and electrons was conducted in the late 1960s early 1970s in Brazil by an experimental team headed by the Italian priest scientist Don Carlo Borghi via a special klystron filled up with hydrogen gas exposed to a certain combination of DC arcs and resonating microwaves.
This historical result was opposed by academia in the USA for several decades at times with incredible, but documented, acts of scientific gangsterism under impunity guaranteed by the academic-governmental complex, because its sole consideration implies the admission of clear limitations of Einsteinian doctrines and quantum mechanics. Virtually all physics laboratories around the world have refused even the consideration of the repetition of Don Borghi's experiment, just to confirm it or deny it, and have preferred instead dramatically more expensive and immensely less significant experiments.
The above events illustrate the deplorable condition of physical research in academia (with due exception) that is currently under a real totalitarian regime by organized interests on old theories under full backing by governmental agencies to this day (December 2008), thus constituting a real threat to society due to the indicated, well known, impossibility of resolving our alarming environmental problems with old doctrines of the past century.
After trying and failing for some 30 years to have this so fundamental an experiment be repeated by any physics laboratory, Santilli had no other alternative than that of doing the experiment himself with his technicians Terry Allen, John (Tom) Judy, Michael Rodrigues, Jim Alban, and Ray Jones. After some 16 months of tests, Don Borghi's results were confirmed in full, and presented in the paper
APPARENT CONFIRMATION OF DON BORGHI`S EXPERIMENT
ON THE LABORATORY SYNTHESIS OF NEUTRONS
FROM PROTONS AND ELECTRONS,
Ruggero Maria Santilli Submitted for publication
According to chemical analysis of air contained in amber, 100 millions years ago Earth's atmosphere only had about 30% nitrogen, a percentage that has gradually increased all the way to the current very high values close to 80%.
This occurrence has stimulated the search of the source of nitrogen in our planet. A plausible answer is that nitrogen is synthesized by lighting from carbon and hydrogen (via the intermediate synthesis of deuterium) that is, via elements that are plentiful everywhere. Additionally, nuclear syntheses are necessary to explain numerically (rather than ``academically``) the thunder since chemical reactions alone (as proffered in academia to support of old theologies) cannot account on serious scientific grounds for the extremely large needed energy (equivalent to hundred of tons of dynamite) due to the excessively small volume traversed by lighting and its extremely short duration. Finally, one should note that nuclear syntheses selected by nature are expected NOT to harm the environment.
Following the achievement of the neutron synthesis, and by keeping the teaching of Nature as main guidance, Dr. Santilli is well ahead in the industrial, let alone scientific, achievement of the simplest possible synthesis, that of the nitrogen-14 from the Carbon-12 and two hydrogen-1 following the intermediate synthesis of the neutron and, consequently, the deuteron-2. The results are presented in the recently released report http://www.neutronstructure.org/neutron-synthesis.htm.
One of the many GC-MS scans showing the detection of nitrogen at 28 amu in the gas produced by hadronic reactors in a percentage in excess of nitrogen occluded in the liquid. It should be noted that, prior to operation, hadronic reactors are carefully purged of any air to prevent the formation in their interior of an explosive mixture.
THE NOVEL "INTERMEDIATE CONTROLLED NUCLEAR SYNTHESES"
AND A REPORT ON ITS INDUSTRIAL REALIZATION AS
PREDICTED BY HADRONIC MECHANICS,
Ruggero Maria Santilli
Paper available as free download from the website
where, however, the disclosure is only partial for evident reasons of secrecy.
As one can see, the most promising aspect is that, once reached at threshold energies and only under that condition, the nitrogen synthesis, is very esoenergetic and truly clean, in the sense that it cannot release any harmful radiation and cannot leave any harmful waste because of lack of the needed energy. Either carbon and deuteron form nitrogen without any secondary radiation except heat, or they scatter and do not produce any synthesis.
At this moment, Dr. Santilli has reached an efficiency producing energy that is five times the used electric energy, as it can be verified at his lab in Florida by qualified visitors. Note that, in his above quoted paper for scientific caution deserving a note, Dr. Santilli has intentionally left open the origin of the excess energy, namely, whether said excess energy is of entirely chemical origin or part of it originates from the synthesis of nitrogen or other nuclear syntheses. However, calculations conducted following the publication of the above quoted paper have indicated that the sole use of esoenergetic chemical reaction cannot quantitatively represent five times the produced excess energy, thus suggesting the presence of nuclear syntheses, currently under various independent verifications.
It should be noted that, following the above indicated five grants by the DOE for the conduction in the late 1970s - early 1980s of purely mathematical studies, all research herein reported have been supported by corporate fund from the U.S.A. and abroad.
At any rate, under all administrations to date following the vision of the Carter Administration, the expectation that qualified research beyond Einsteinian and quantum theories could be supported by the American Physical Society, the U. S. Department of Energy, the National Science Foundation, and other national organizations, is a figment of mental aberration, or basic lack of credible information at best.
Yet, billions of dollars of public funds have been spent in the hot and other synthesess because aligned with Einsteinian and quantum interests, under the technical knowledge of their impossible industrial realization. Hence, any venturing of negative theoretical judgments against Santilli's Intermediate Controlled Nuclear Synthesess, expectedly because not aligned with said interests, without admitting the necessity of their experimental resolution one way or the other as it has been the case for the hot fusion, would create serious ethical problems.
General Information on the operation of TEC-DOE products
Picture of 50 mm, 70 mm, 100 mm, 150 mm & 200 mm pairs of Galileo & Santilli Telescope in production and on sale at Thunder Energies Corporation.
TEC-DOE 70 mm Equipment
70mm Santilli Telescope
70mm Galileo Telescope
70mm Galileo and Santilli Telescopes with bracket, T-Rings, and Sony Cameras
70mm Galileo and Santilli Telescopes with bracket, Side View Finders, T-Rings, Sony Cameras and Single Tripod
70mm T-ring for Sony Camera
70mm Barlow Tube
TEC-DOE 100 mm Equipment
100mm Santilli Telescope with View Finder
100mm Galileo Telescope with View Finder
100mm Galileo and Santilli Telescopes, View Finders, Barlow Tubes, T-Rings, and Sony Cameras
100mm Galileo and Santilli Telescopes, View Finders, Barlow Tubes, T-Rings, Sony Cameras, and Single Tripod
100mm T-Ring for Digital Camera
100mm Barlow Tube
TEC-DOE 150 mm Equipment
150mm Santilli Telescope with Side View Finder
150mm Galileo Telescope with Side View Finder
150mm Galileo and Santilli Telescopes with Side View Finders, Barlow Tubes, T-Rings, Sony Cameras, and Single Tripod
150mm T-ring for Sony Camera
150mm Barlow Tube
TEC-DOE 200 mm Equipment
200mm Santilli Telescope with Side View Finder
200mm Galileo Telescope with Side View Finder
200mm Galileo and Santilli Telescopes with Side View Finders, Sony Cameras and Dual Tripod
200mm T-ring for Sony Camera
200mm Barlow Tube